Not that far ago i was on a vacation trip with my family to Turkey where i had the chance to visit Ephesus. Ephesus is a Greek ancient city in today’s Turkey. In Ephesus there was one of the 7 wonders of ancient world, a temple dedicated to the Greek goddess Artemis.
The other wonderful part of Ephesus is it’s location. It’s placed in a soft green hill with dotted wildflowers, the ancient columns are like a movie set. Sometime in the past, this city was close to the beach, now today, it’s only 20 min or so driving to the beach.
Highlights of Ephesus City
Grand Theater of Ephesus where gladiators fought and died and social functions were the highlight of living in Ephesus. Estimations are that it could seat 24,000 people, which is roughly half the amount of today’s modern football stadiums.
The toilets where built so that all the people relieve them self with out being separate. That was a place for people to talk and to exchange ideas. The sitting part was made from the stone, so the slaves of the wealthy people had to sit first so they can heat up the seat a little bit.
If you were wondering why is there a cat in Ephesus, the domestic cat is a revered animal in Islam. Indeed, a popular saying notes “If you kill a cat, you need to build a mosque to be forgiven by God”. In Turkey, the cat has got a lot of power, which i believe that a lot of cat fans will adore.
The Library of Celsus
The Library of Celsus was the third largest library in Classical Antiquity. It is known for its unique architecture and for the fact that it once held 12,000 scrolls containing a a lot of knowledge from the ancient world. None of them survived the library’s destruction in 262 AD.
The Odeon was a music concert, it was a hall for the wealthy and important people. It is placed at the upper part of the Ephesus City, located on the Pion Mountain opposite the large State Agora. The Odeon was also called the Buleterion since the bule (the parliament) of Ephesus hold there meetings, so this structure had two purposes. The interesting part is that the places for the wealthy people which there was 3, they counted as one, so that the wealthy people can sit comfortable.
Statue of the Nike Goddess
The first commercial
The first commercial in the ancient world is feet in marble, wich shows the way to the public house, or as it was called in those days “the bordello” meaning the “love house”.
There are a lot more interesting historical information as that philosopher Heraclitus was born in Ephesus and that the gospel of John was made in Ephesus. I tried to set aside the most important and the most interesting parts of Ephesus and to introduce Ephesus the best i can. Ephesus is much more beautiful and more unbelievable live, than from the pictures. I hope that you have enjoyed my mini tour throughout Ephesus.